Leadership and Management
This blog begins with two statements by Mullins and Yukl respectively. Management is getting work done through the efforts of other people. While leadership is the process of influencing others to understand and agree what needs to be done and how to do it. Leadership and management are two distinct concepts that different from one another. Meanwhile, they are necessarily linked and complementary. (Murray, 2000). Based on Adair’s model(2003) targeting at the close relationship between leadership and management, the action centered leadership model focused on 3 connecting circles respectively represent 3 concerns of manager for task, team and individuals. The differences disclosed are 5 distinctive features which are not found in management. Direction-giving, inspiration, team-building, examples-setting and the acceptable personal qualities.
With regard to Kotter’s research toward the functions of leadership and management, there are 4 respects used to examine the differences. First, differences in creating an agenda. Leaders concentrate on establishing right direction and providing constructive strategies for change to achieve goals. While mangers dedicate to planning and allocating resources. Following this, leaders focus on communication and strategy whereas managers highlight organization and staffing in the ways of monitoring and allocating staff. Concerning execution, the former attach much importance to the useful effects of motivation and inspiration, they also energize people to overcome difficulties. Managers execute staff in a different way. They are responsible for taking corrective actions and monitoring the performance and results of workers. Controlling style of management is the most prominent approach they applied in execution. By comparison, the outcomes of leadership are that it produces positive change while management produces consistency and order.
Talking about the styles of leadership, they can be generally classified into three types. Authoritarian style, democratic style and laissez-fair style. Among them, I would like to give my veto to democratic style of leadership as the most effective approach.
Firstly, Democratic style is an effective way to lead followers in the right direction for it deals with communication and inspiration significantly, what’s more, it allows for more participation in decision-making process (Money-Zine, 2005). Chanda Kochhar– the competent MD and CEO in ICICI Bank, who consider communication and motivation as two major recipes of her success. Communication technology are used to provide a platform not only for sharing information but also collecting opinions of others’ so that to make sure their contribution to the overall performance. Kochhar is also capable of encouraging people to overcome obstacles and to enhance efficiency in work.
However, democratic style of leadership is never the best one concerning all different circumstances. Every style of leadership has its pros and cons. For example, decision-making is more time-consuming compared to authoritarian style where leaders are responsible for making decisive decisions in urgent situation. Besides, it requires competent and full-developed followers to make sure an effective discussion of strategies. Otherwise expertise is badly needed for professional advice. The short points of a certain style in different circumstance are the evidence of the statement that there is no single ideal approach concerning varied situation (CMI, 2013). Sticking to a fixed approach is not available in all situations. Among a large amount of skills and approaches to achieve excellent leadership, the ability to adjust approaches accordingly plays a significant role in leading process. Indra Nooyi—-the chairman and CEO of PepsiCo Company, established her own model of leadership which involves competency, courage and confidence, consistency, communication skills and compass based on years of experience. Her own style of leadership turns out to be the most suitable one for the company.
As a member of team, I prefer to be led by a leader who has enthusiastic personality that guides teammates with energy. A leader should be accountable for the decisions and engage in the work instead of giving commands and controls to others. A free style of leadership is favorable when deal with a group of highly creative people to satisfy the needs to live up potentials and classify individuals’ values. Foster collaboration when the group of people is proficient in different fields respectively, the overall performance will be maximized in the way of cooperation. As far as I am concerned, to have the ability to tell the advantages and disadvantages from a certain type of leadership and eventually form a suitable style of leadership will lead to success.
Adair, J. (2003) Concise Adair On Leadership, Thorogood Publishing Ltd: London.
CMI (2013) Understanding Management Styles Checklist 236, Chartered Management Institute: London
Murray, A. (2000) What is the differences between leadership and management? Retrieved on 12th March, 2015, from:
Money-Zine (2005), Democratic Leadership. Retrieved on 13th March, 2015, from: